South Dakota’s pheasant-per-mile index is up 76 percent from last year, according to the South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks Department. The survey is not a population estimate, but rather compares the number of pheasants observed on the routes and establishes trend information.
“With favorable weather conditions this past winter and spring, along with the availability of quality nesting habitat across the state, we are going to see an increase in this year’s pheasant population,” Jeff Vonk, GFP secretary, said in a statement. “Survey results show pheasant numbers rebounded the strongest in central South Dakota; especially in the Pierre, Chamberlain, Mobridge and Winner areas. Results also indicate that pheasant numbers are substantially higher than 2013 throughout much of eastern South Dakota.”
The 2014 statewide pheasants-per-mile index of 2.68 is up from 1.52 in 2013. The statewide pheasant-per-mile index is similar to 2002 when hunters harvested 1.26 million roosters.
Dave Nomsen, who leads Pheasants Forever’s new regional headquarters in Brookings, S.D., says the positive brood report should excite pheasant hunters but needs to be taken in context with the substantial upland habitat losses of recent years.
“The ‘pheasant crisis’ South Dakota has experienced over the past few years has not been solved,” Nomsen said in a statement. “While tough winters and wet springs play a role in population changes, it’s the loss of habitat that’s responsible for the long-term decline of pheasants in the state. And we haven’t yet replaced the 1.8 million acres of grasslands and prairies lost since 2006.”
South Dakota’s traditional statewide pheasant hunting season opens on Oct. 18 and runs through Jan. 4, 2015.